What is ICANN?
ICANN stands for the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. It is a nonprofit organization created in 1998 to manage the domain name system (DNS) and IP address allocation. The primary task of ICANN is to ensure the security, stability, and resiliency of the DNS. In addition, they also oversee generic top-level domains (gTLDs) and country-code top-level domains (ccTLDs).
ICANN is responsible for managing the DNS root zone and coordinating the assignment of unique IP addresses. They also oversee the development of new gTLDs and ccTLDs. In addition, ICANN provides accreditation to registrars, which manage the reservation of domain names.
If you want to register a domain name, you must do so through a registrar that ICANN accredits. The process of registering a domain name is relatively straightforward. However, it is essential to note that there are certain restrictions regarding who can register a .com domain name. For example, only United States government organizations and publicly controlled entities can register .gov domains.